numpy.argmax

numpy.argmax(a, axis=None, out=None)[源代码]

Returns the indices of the maximum values along an axis.

Parameters:
a : array_like

Input array.

axis : int, optional

By default, the index is into the flattened array, otherwise along the specified axis.

out : array, optional

If provided, the result will be inserted into this array. It should be of the appropriate shape and dtype.

Returns:
index_array : ndarray of ints

Array of indices into the array. It has the same shape as a.shape with the dimension along axis removed.

参见

ndarray.argmax, argmin

amax
The maximum value along a given axis.
unravel_index
Convert a flat index into an index tuple.

Notes

In case of multiple occurrences of the maximum values, the indices corresponding to the first occurrence are returned.

Examples

>>> a = np.arange(6).reshape(2,3)
>>> a
array([[0, 1, 2],
       [3, 4, 5]])
>>> np.argmax(a)
5
>>> np.argmax(a, axis=0)
array([1, 1, 1])
>>> np.argmax(a, axis=1)
array([2, 2])

Indexes of the maximal elements of a N-dimensional array:

>>> ind = np.unravel_index(np.argmax(a, axis=None), a.shape)
>>> ind
(1, 2)
>>> a[ind]
5
>>> b = np.arange(6)
>>> b[1] = 5
>>> b
array([0, 5, 2, 3, 4, 5])
>>> np.argmax(b)  # Only the first occurrence is returned.
1