numpy.average¶

numpy.
average
(a, axis=None, weights=None, returned=False)[源代码]¶ Compute the weighted average along the specified axis.
Parameters:  a : array_like
Array containing data to be averaged. If a is not an array, a conversion is attempted.
 axis : None or int or tuple of ints, optional
Axis or axes along which to average a. The default, axis=None, will average over all of the elements of the input array. If axis is negative it counts from the last to the first axis.
1.7.0 新版功能.
If axis is a tuple of ints, averaging is performed on all of the axes specified in the tuple instead of a single axis or all the axes as before.
 weights : array_like, optional
An array of weights associated with the values in a. Each value in a contributes to the average according to its associated weight. The weights array can either be 1D (in which case its length must be the size of a along the given axis) or of the same shape as a. If weights=None, then all data in a are assumed to have a weight equal to one.
 returned : bool, optional
Default is False. If True, the tuple (
average
, sum_of_weights) is returned, otherwise only the average is returned. If weights=None, sum_of_weights is equivalent to the number of elements over which the average is taken.
Returns:  average, [sum_of_weights] : array_type or double
Return the average along the specified axis. When returned is True, return a tuple with the average as the first element and the sum of the weights as the second element. The return type is Float if a is of integer type, otherwise it is of the same type as a. sum_of_weights is of the same type as
average
.
Raises:  ZeroDivisionError
When all weights along axis are zero. See
numpy.ma.average
for a version robust to this type of error. TypeError
When the length of 1D weights is not the same as the shape of a along axis.
Examples
>>> data = range(1,5) >>> data [1, 2, 3, 4] >>> np.average(data) 2.5 >>> np.average(range(1,11), weights=range(10,0,1)) 4.0
>>> data = np.arange(6).reshape((3,2)) >>> data array([[0, 1], [2, 3], [4, 5]]) >>> np.average(data, axis=1, weights=[1./4, 3./4]) array([ 0.75, 2.75, 4.75]) >>> np.average(data, weights=[1./4, 3./4]) Traceback (most recent call last): ... TypeError: Axis must be specified when shapes of a and weights differ.