numpy.fft.fftfreq

numpy.fft.fftfreq(n, d=1.0)[源代码]

Return the Discrete Fourier Transform sample frequencies.

The returned float array f contains the frequency bin centers in cycles per unit of the sample spacing (with zero at the start). For instance, if the sample spacing is in seconds, then the frequency unit is cycles/second.

Given a window length n and a sample spacing d:

f = [0, 1, ...,   n/2-1,     -n/2, ..., -1] / (d*n)   if n is even
f = [0, 1, ..., (n-1)/2, -(n-1)/2, ..., -1] / (d*n)   if n is odd
Parameters:
n : int

Window length.

d : scalar, optional

Sample spacing (inverse of the sampling rate). Defaults to 1.

Returns:
f : ndarray

Array of length n containing the sample frequencies.

Examples

>>> signal = np.array([-2, 8, 6, 4, 1, 0, 3, 5], dtype=float)
>>> fourier = np.fft.fft(signal)
>>> n = signal.size
>>> timestep = 0.1
>>> freq = np.fft.fftfreq(n, d=timestep)
>>> freq
array([ 0.  ,  1.25,  2.5 ,  3.75, -5.  , -3.75, -2.5 , -1.25])