numpy.log2

numpy.log2(x, /, out=None, *, where=True, casting='same_kind', order='K', dtype=None, subok=True[, signature, extobj]) = <ufunc 'log2'>

Base-2 logarithm of x.

Parameters:
x : array_like

Input values.

out : ndarray, None, or tuple of ndarray and None, optional

A location into which the result is stored. If provided, it must have a shape that the inputs broadcast to. If not provided or None, a freshly-allocated array is returned. A tuple (possible only as a keyword argument) must have length equal to the number of outputs.

where : array_like, optional

Values of True indicate to calculate the ufunc at that position, values of False indicate to leave the value in the output alone.

**kwargs

For other keyword-only arguments, see the ufunc docs.

Returns:
y : ndarray

Base-2 logarithm of x. This is a scalar if x is a scalar.

参见

log, log10, log1p, emath.log2

Notes

1.3.0 新版功能.

Logarithm is a multivalued function: for each x there is an infinite number of z such that 2**z = x. The convention is to return the z whose imaginary part lies in [-pi, pi].

For real-valued input data types, log2 always returns real output. For each value that cannot be expressed as a real number or infinity, it yields nan and sets the invalid floating point error flag.

For complex-valued input, log2 is a complex analytical function that has a branch cut [-inf, 0] and is continuous from above on it. log2 handles the floating-point negative zero as an infinitesimal negative number, conforming to the C99 standard.

Examples

>>> x = np.array([0, 1, 2, 2**4])
>>> np.log2(x)
array([-Inf,   0.,   1.,   4.])
>>> xi = np.array([0+1.j, 1, 2+0.j, 4.j])
>>> np.log2(xi)
array([ 0.+2.26618007j,  0.+0.j        ,  1.+0.j        ,  2.+2.26618007j])