numpy.ma.apply_along_axis

numpy.ma.apply_along_axis(func1d, axis, arr, *args, **kwargs)[源代码]

Apply a function to 1-D slices along the given axis.

Execute func1d(a, *args) where func1d operates on 1-D arrays and a is a 1-D slice of arr along axis.

This is equivalent to (but faster than) the following use of ndindex and s_, which sets each of ii, jj, and kk to a tuple of indices:

Ni, Nk = a.shape[:axis], a.shape[axis+1:]
for ii in ndindex(Ni):
    for kk in ndindex(Nk):
        f = func1d(arr[ii + s_[:,] + kk])
        Nj = f.shape
        for jj in ndindex(Nj):
            out[ii + jj + kk] = f[jj]

Equivalently, eliminating the inner loop, this can be expressed as:

Ni, Nk = a.shape[:axis], a.shape[axis+1:]
for ii in ndindex(Ni):
    for kk in ndindex(Nk):
        out[ii + s_[...,] + kk] = func1d(arr[ii + s_[:,] + kk])
Parameters:
func1d : function (M,) -> (Nj…)

This function should accept 1-D arrays. It is applied to 1-D slices of arr along the specified axis.

axis : integer

Axis along which arr is sliced.

arr : ndarray (Ni…, M, Nk…)

Input array.

args : any

Additional arguments to func1d.

kwargs : any

Additional named arguments to func1d.

1.9.0 新版功能.

Returns:
out : ndarray (Ni…, Nj…, Nk…)

The output array. The shape of out is identical to the shape of arr, except along the axis dimension. This axis is removed, and replaced with new dimensions equal to the shape of the return value of func1d. So if func1d returns a scalar out will have one fewer dimensions than arr.

参见

apply_over_axes
Apply a function repeatedly over multiple axes.

Examples

>>> def my_func(a):
...     """Average first and last element of a 1-D array"""
...     return (a[0] + a[-1]) * 0.5
>>> b = np.array([[1,2,3], [4,5,6], [7,8,9]])
>>> np.apply_along_axis(my_func, 0, b)
array([ 4.,  5.,  6.])
>>> np.apply_along_axis(my_func, 1, b)
array([ 2.,  5.,  8.])

For a function that returns a 1D array, the number of dimensions in outarr is the same as arr.

>>> b = np.array([[8,1,7], [4,3,9], [5,2,6]])
>>> np.apply_along_axis(sorted, 1, b)
array([[1, 7, 8],
       [3, 4, 9],
       [2, 5, 6]])

For a function that returns a higher dimensional array, those dimensions are inserted in place of the axis dimension.

>>> b = np.array([[1,2,3], [4,5,6], [7,8,9]])
>>> np.apply_along_axis(np.diag, -1, b)
array([[[1, 0, 0],
        [0, 2, 0],
        [0, 0, 3]],
       [[4, 0, 0],
        [0, 5, 0],
        [0, 0, 6]],
       [[7, 0, 0],
        [0, 8, 0],
        [0, 0, 9]]])