numpy.ma.indices

numpy.ma.indices(dimensions, dtype=<type 'int'>)[源代码]

Return an array representing the indices of a grid.

Compute an array where the subarrays contain index values 0,1,… varying only along the corresponding axis.

Parameters:
dimensions : sequence of ints

The shape of the grid.

dtype : dtype, optional

Data type of the result.

Returns:
grid : ndarray

The array of grid indices, grid.shape = (len(dimensions),) + tuple(dimensions).

参见

mgrid, meshgrid

Notes

The output shape is obtained by prepending the number of dimensions in front of the tuple of dimensions, i.e. if dimensions is a tuple (r0, ..., rN-1) of length N, the output shape is (N,r0,...,rN-1).

The subarrays grid[k] contains the N-D array of indices along the k-th axis. Explicitly:

grid[k,i0,i1,...,iN-1] = ik

Examples

>>> grid = np.indices((2, 3))
>>> grid.shape
(2, 2, 3)
>>> grid[0]        # row indices
array([[0, 0, 0],
       [1, 1, 1]])
>>> grid[1]        # column indices
array([[0, 1, 2],
       [0, 1, 2]])

The indices can be used as an index into an array.

>>> x = np.arange(20).reshape(5, 4)
>>> row, col = np.indices((2, 3))
>>> x[row, col]
array([[0, 1, 2],
       [4, 5, 6]])

Note that it would be more straightforward in the above example to extract the required elements directly with x[:2, :3].