numpy.polynomial.polynomial.polyder

numpy.polynomial.polynomial.polyder(c, m=1, scl=1, axis=0)[源代码]

Differentiate a polynomial.

Returns the polynomial coefficients c differentiated m times along axis. At each iteration the result is multiplied by scl (the scaling factor is for use in a linear change of variable). The argument c is an array of coefficients from low to high degree along each axis, e.g., [1,2,3] represents the polynomial 1 + 2*x + 3*x**2 while [[1,2],[1,2]] represents 1 + 1*x + 2*y + 2*x*y if axis=0 is x and axis=1 is y.

Parameters:
c : array_like

Array of polynomial coefficients. If c is multidimensional the different axis correspond to different variables with the degree in each axis given by the corresponding index.

m : int, optional

Number of derivatives taken, must be non-negative. (Default: 1)

scl : scalar, optional

Each differentiation is multiplied by scl. The end result is multiplication by scl**m. This is for use in a linear change of variable. (Default: 1)

axis : int, optional

Axis over which the derivative is taken. (Default: 0).

1.7.0 新版功能.

Returns:
der : ndarray

Polynomial coefficients of the derivative.

参见

polyint

Examples

>>> from numpy.polynomial import polynomial as P
>>> c = (1,2,3,4) # 1 + 2x + 3x**2 + 4x**3
>>> P.polyder(c) # (d/dx)(c) = 2 + 6x + 12x**2
array([  2.,   6.,  12.])
>>> P.polyder(c,3) # (d**3/dx**3)(c) = 24
array([ 24.])
>>> P.polyder(c,scl=-1) # (d/d(-x))(c) = -2 - 6x - 12x**2
array([ -2.,  -6., -12.])
>>> P.polyder(c,2,-1) # (d**2/d(-x)**2)(c) = 6 + 24x
array([  6.,  24.])