numpy.random.RandomState.logistic¶
method

RandomState.
logistic
(loc=0.0, scale=1.0, size=None)¶ Draw samples from a logistic distribution.
Samples are drawn from a logistic distribution with specified parameters, loc (location or mean, also median), and scale (>0).
Parameters:  loc : float or array_like of floats, optional
Parameter of the distribution. Default is 0.
 scale : float or array_like of floats, optional
Parameter of the distribution. Should be greater than zero. Default is 1.
 size : int or tuple of ints, optional
Output shape. If the given shape is, e.g.,
(m, n, k)
, thenm * n * k
samples are drawn. If size isNone
(default), a single value is returned ifloc
andscale
are both scalars. Otherwise,np.broadcast(loc, scale).size
samples are drawn.
Returns:  out : ndarray or scalar
Drawn samples from the parameterized logistic distribution.
参见
scipy.stats.logistic
 probability density function, distribution or cumulative density function, etc.
Notes
The probability density for the Logistic distribution is
where = location and = scale.
The Logistic distribution is used in Extreme Value problems where it can act as a mixture of Gumbel distributions, in Epidemiology, and by the World Chess Federation (FIDE) where it is used in the Elo ranking system, assuming the performance of each player is a logistically distributed random variable.
References
[1] Reiss, R.D. and Thomas M. (2001), “Statistical Analysis of Extreme Values, from Insurance, Finance, Hydrology and Other Fields,” Birkhauser Verlag, Basel, pp 132133. [2] Weisstein, Eric W. “Logistic Distribution.” From MathWorld–A Wolfram Web Resource. http://mathworld.wolfram.com/LogisticDistribution.html [3] Wikipedia, “Logisticdistribution”, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Logistic_distribution Examples
Draw samples from the distribution:
>>> loc, scale = 10, 1 >>> s = np.random.logistic(loc, scale, 10000) >>> count, bins, ignored = plt.hist(s, bins=50)
# plot against distribution
>>> def logist(x, loc, scale): ... return exp((locx)/scale)/(scale*(1+exp((locx)/scale))**2) >>> plt.plot(bins, logist(bins, loc, scale)*count.max()/\ ... logist(bins, loc, scale).max()) >>> plt.show()